Being on top of global surveys is good. However, if we’re talking about the country which is most threatened by climate change, then being number one is not the happiest place to be. As per the Global Peace Index 2019, the Philippines was named the country with the highest risk of climate hazards in Asia-Pacific. Besides being hit by an average of 20 typhoons annually, the country is also vulnerable to floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and droughts. Climate change will only aggravate many of these challenges facing the Philippines.
It’s undeniable that summer in the Philippines is getting hotter than before. Look at the data. Based on the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) report, temperatures may rise by 0.9 degrees Celcius to 1.1 degrees Celsius this year, and by 1.8 degrees Celcius to 2.2 degrees Celsius in 2050. This means the country can experience a maximum temperature exceeding 35 degrees Celcius.
Although there is a possibility that heavy daily rainfall will become more frequent, specifically in Luzon and Visayas, the number of dry days is also expected to increase across the country by 2020 up to 2050. Given these scenarios, let’s take a look at the consequences or effects of climate change on agriculture in the Philippines?
Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture
A warming planet is bad for living things, particularly plants and crops. It needs the right amount of temperature and rainfall to attain favorable yields of crop production. If both exceed the standard threshold values, there will be a reduction in crop yield. This is why floods and droughts brought on by climate change can damage fields, even triggering outbreaks and diseases in both humans and animals.
Moreover, it may result in low preference jobs in agriculture opportunities in the agriculture sector because farmers would rather find work in the city than fight an unpredictable and unbeatable enemy that is climate change. This reiterated by PAGASA because according to them decreased yields and inadequate job opportunities in the agricultural sector could lead to migration and shifts in population, resulting in more pressure in already depressed urban areas, particularly in megacities.
How to Mitigate Climate Change in Agriculture?
PAGASA stated in the same report that management technologies, “which incorporate the use of weather/climate information in agricultural operations” like “climate-friendly agricultural technologies,” can alleviate detrimental effect of climate change.
Fortunately, there is an app that was recently launched in the Philippines called Yara FarmWeather. It’s an easy-to-use and convenient smart weather app that provides farmers with a reliable and hyperlocal weather forecast down to a 4-kilometer radius of their farm. This includes 7-day forecasts for hourly rainfall, daily temperature, humidity, and wind speed and direction. Yara FarmWeather also provides historical rainfall data for the past 30 days and predicts upcoming rainfall data for the next 15 days. With all this information on hand, farmers can now make more informed and smarter decisions for their farms.
Farming got smarter with Yara FarmWeather. Download it for free in Google Play Store.